The force uses a variety of abbreviations and acronyms; some of these are shown below. The glossary is compiled and maintained by the Corporate Planning & Performance Unit


ABC - Anti-social Behaviour Contract. An ABC is an agreed contract between the police and an individual to stop disruptive behaviour in the local community. If the ABC fails, the individual may be issued with an ASBO.

ABC - Activity Based Costing. ABC is a key component of the front-line policing measure as it identifies how time and resources of operational officers have been used. ABC is calculated using financial and management information combined with activity sampling data. The annual Activity Sampling Survey recorded events and duration over a two week period, the results of which determined the resource allocation for policing activities. The requirement to complete ABC analysis has been recommended for removal as part of the national Police Reform programme.

ACC - Assistant Chief Constable.

ACPO - Association of Chief Police Officers. ACPO's members are police officers who hold the rank of Chief Constable, Deputy Chief Constable or Assistant Chief Constable, or their equivalents, in the forty four forces of England, Wales and Northern Ireland, national police agencies and certain other forces in the UK, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands, and certain senior non-police staff. There are presently 280 members of ACPO.

Acquisitive Crime - Comprises the Home Office categories of: theft of a vehicle, theft from a vehicle, vehicle interference, theft of a pedal cycle, theft from a person, robbery or personal property.

ANPR - Automatic Number Plate Recognition was first used by Cleveland Police in 2003 as part of project Laser, a six month pilot evaluation. It reads the number plate of vehicles and checks the details against a national database, provided by the DVLA. The system alerts the officer of vehicles that should be checked. The success of the pilot resulted in a national roll-out and ANPR has fast become part of the police armoury in proactively tackling crime.

APA - Association of Police Authorities. This was set up on 1 April 1997 to represent police authorities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, both on the national stage and locally. The APA has two main roles (1) to act as the national voice of all police authorities; and (2) to help police authorities in doing their job locally.

APACS - Analysis of Policing and Community Safety. APACS replaces PPAF; it has been developed to be closely aligned with cross-governmental strategic priorities and external frameworks, in particular: the Public Service Agreements (PSAs) and National Indicator Set for local government in England.

ARA - Asset Recovery Agency.

ASBO - Anti-Social Behaviour Order. The 1998 Crime and Disorder Act introduced ASBOs to reduce the level of antisocial behaviour in communities. They are issued through the courts and contain conditions that prohibit a person’s activities for a period of up to two years. Breach of an ASBO may lead to a prison sentence.

BCU - Basic Command Unit, also known as police districts.

BME - Black Minority Ethnic.

BVPI - Best Value Performance Indicator. Also see SPI.

BVPP - Best Value Performance Plan.

BVR - Best Value Review.

CCB - Central Confiscation Branch.

CCJB - Cleveland Criminal Justice Board. CCJBs task is to harness the collective resources, expertise and energies of our organisations to bring more offenders to justice, to support victims of crime and witnesses and to provide rehabilitation services which persuade people to turn away from a criminal lifestyle.

CCTV - Closed Circuit Television.

CD to P - Complainant Declines to Prosecute.

CDRP - Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership. The 1998 Crime and Disorder Act established partnerships between the police, local authorities, probation service, health authorities, the voluntary sector and local residents and businesses. Cleveland Police works with four CDRPs to reduce crime and disorder, consult with the people in the area and devise strategies to tackle priority problems.

CEOP - Child Exploitation and On-line Protection centre comprises police, child protection agencies and computer companies tackling the grooming and sexual abuse of children across the world.

CFF - Crime Fighting Fund.

CHIS - Covert Human Intelligence Source.

CJS - Criminal Justice System.

CJU - Criminal Justice Unit.

CJX - Criminal Justice Extranet.

COG - Coordination Group.

COMAH - Control of Major Accident Hazard.

Corporate Policing Strategy - See Strategic Plan.

CPD - Corporate Policy Document.

CPS - Crown Prosecution Service.

CPU - Child Protection Unit.

CRASBO - Criminal Anti-Social Behaviour Order. As ASBO, but for criminal activity rather than anti-social behaviour.

CSS - Community Safety Strategy.

CTSA - Counter Terrorist Security Advisor.

DAT - Drug Action Team. DATs are multi-agency teams set up to tackle substance misuse and related issues.

DCC - Deputy Chief Constable.

DIP - Drug Intervention Programme.

DNA - Deoxyribonucleic Acid.

DSU - District Support Unit.

DV - Domestic Violence.

EFQM - European Foundation for Quality Management (also known as the Business Excellence Model BEM).

FIU - Financial Investigation Unit.

Front-line Policing - Front-line policing is any activity completed by police officers or police staff directly focused on reducing crime and the fear of crime or on bringing offences to justice.

FSA - Financial Services Authority.

FTE - Full-Time Equivalent. This is used to calculate the number of staff employed by hours. For example one FTE is equal to 37 hours per week.

Gershon - A review published by Sir Peter Gershon on public sector efficiency.

GPS - Global Positioning System.

Hate Crime - Hate crime is made up of activity involving homophobic and racial crime. It involves any crime where prejudice against an identifiable group of people is a factor in determining who is victimised.

HMCE - Her Majesty's Customs and Excise.

HMI - Her Majesty's Inspector.

HMIC - Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary. HM Inspectors of Constabulary (HMIs) are charged with examining and improving the efficiency of the Police Service in England and Wales. The first HMIs were appointed under the provision of the County and Borough Police Act 1856. In 1962, the Royal Commission on the Police formally acknowledged their contribution to policing. The statutory duties of HMIs are described in the Police Act 1996.

HRA - Human Rights Act.

IAG - Independent Advisory Group involves members of the public giving independent advice to Cleveland Police to help provide a police service that is fair and equitable. At a strategic level the IAG examines and advises on policy and strategy, sharing personal knowledge, awareness and experience of community issues.

ICIDP - Initial Crime Investigators Development Programme (CID course).

IPLDP - Initial Police Learning and Development Programme.

IiP - Investors in People.

IMPACT - Arising from the Soham murder inquiries, the IMPACT project is a national initiative to improve the sharing and management of information for officers investigating child abuse cases.

IRIS - Integrated Records Information System. Using niche technology, the IRIS system enables fast, flexible and easy access to information throughout the force and will eventually replace a significant number of data collection systems currently used in force, with a single central system. Fundamentally, the system records details of people, organisations (including criminal organisations), businesses, property, locations, events, associations, vehicles and the sophisticated relationship between them. The force is committed to delivering the four data inputs interfaces into IRIS, these are custody—arrest/key event intelligence report, street encounters, crime and video witness.

IS - Information Systems.

ISM - Intensive Supervision and Monitoring (adults).

ISSP - Intensive Supervision and Surveillance Project (juveniles).

IT - Information Technology.

KDI - Key Diagnostic Indicator.

LCJB - Local Criminal Justice Boards are a significant part of the police reform process. Their aim is to join up local criminal justice agencies and create a system where they work together to achieve common aims and objectives. The main aims of the LCJBs is to bring more offences to justice (nationally known as Narrowing the Justice Gap) and improving public confidence in the criminal justice system. In Cleveland this is known as CCJB.

Licensing Act - The Licensing Act 2003 requires licensing authorities to carry out their duties with a view to promoting four licensing objectives; the prevention of crime and disorder; public safety; the prevention of public nuisance; and the protection of children from harm. The Act also provides flexible opening hours for premises, with the potential for up to 24-hour opening, seven days a week, subject to consideration of the impact on local residents and businesses.

LSP - Local Strategic Partnership.

MAPPA - Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements.

MARAC - Multi-Agency Risk Assessment Conference. Nationally, over 100 MARAC areas have received funding and training and the government is aiming for a national roll-out of MARACs by 2010.

MDT - Mobile Data Terminal.

MSF - Most Similar Force. This is made up from forces with similar social and demographic characteristics. Cleveland Police MSFs are Gwent, Merseyside, Northumbria, South Wales, South Yorkshire and West Midlands

Narrowing the Justice Gap - The Justice Gap is the difference between the number of recorded crimes and the number of offences brought to justice.

NCF - National Crime Faculty.

NCIS - National Criminal Intelligence Service.

NCS - National Crime Squad.

NCPE - National Centre for Policing Excellence.

NCRS - National Crime Recording Standard.

NCSP - National Community Safety Plan.

NHTCU - National Hi-Tech Crime Unit.

NIM - The National Intelligence Model is a business model for law enforcement. NIM ensures that information is fully researched, developed and analysed to provide intelligence that senior officers can use to make strategic and tactical resource decisions about operational policing; and manage risk. It is important to note that NIM can be used for most areas of policing, not just crime. It allows operational strategies to focus on key priorities and enables police officers to focus on solving priority problems and target the most active offenders.

NIS - National Indicator Set.  Details of national indicators are available via the Communities and Local Government (CLG) website

NOMS - National Offender Management Service.

NPIA - National Policing Improvement Agency. A central resource with the aim of supporting police forces improve how they work.

NSIR - National Standard for Incident Recording.

NTAC - National Technical Assistance Centre.

Objective  - A specific aim that addresses a priority and states what is to be achieve, or what is to be delivered. (Home Office definition in 'good practice guidance').

Operation Clean Slate - Operation Clean Slate aims to increase the use of TICs and hence the sanctioned detection rate by offering arrested persons the opportunity to make further admissions during the course of the interview process.

Operation Cubit - Operation Cubit is a multi-agency initiative designed to remove end of life and abandoned vehicles from the Cleveland Police area roads. Once a vehicle has been identified as abandoned it is removed and eventually destroyed.

Operation Dealer A Day - Operation Dealer A Day was borne out of the need to reassert a determination by the force to tackle head on the anti-social aspects of street level drug dealing. The success of the operation in Middlesbrough has led to it become a force-wide initiative.

Operation Don't Walk By - Operation Don't Walk By focuses on intervening and engaging with the community about minor issues. By challenging unacceptable behaviour and supporting safe communities, public confidence will grow. This will allow communities to set their own standards and expectations of behaviour.

Operation Nightsafe - Operation Nightsafe was launched in November 2004 by Langbaurgh police district to
reduce alcohol related violence and disorder.

Operation Sabre - Operation Sabre is the Force's overarching initiative designed to tackle all aspects of criminality, to improve police visibility across the Cleveland Police area and provide public reassurance. The operation involves the wider police family along with a range of partners in the Criminal Justice System.

Operation Strongbow - Operation Strongbow was established to tackle distraction burglaries.

Operation Tranquility - Operation Tranquility is run by Stockton police district and is designed to tackle town centre alcohol related anti-social behaviour and disorder by working with local licensed premises.

OSS - Office for the Supervision of Solicitors.

PACE - Police and Criminal Evidence Act.

PAO - Persistent Adult Offender.

PCSO - Police Community Support Officers provide high visibility patrols throughout the Cleveland Police area. They are an integral part of the Force’s reassurance strategy and they deal with anti-social behaviour, minor offences such as street drinking and begging, issuing of fixed penalty notices for cycling on pavements, dog fouling and litter, confiscate alcohol and tobacco from young people and support frontline policing.

PDA - Personal Data Assistant.

PFI - Private Finance Initiative.

PHT - Prisoner Handling Team.

PNC - Police National Computer.

POCA - Proceeds of Crime Act.

PPAF - Policing Performance Assessment Framework. This is the national framework for measuring police performance. In addition to focusing on operational effectiveness, PPAF provides measures of public satisfaction and overall trust and confidence in the police. It also measures performance in the contact of efficiency and organisational capability. In line with the government’s desire to enhance policing accountability at a local level, performance against national and local priorities is fully reflected in the assessment framework. For each force a set of MSFs have been determined. Using this 'family of forces' the performance of a single force can be put into context and superficial comparisons can be made.

POPO - Prolific and Other Priority Offenders.

PSA - Public Service Agreements are an integral part of the government’s approach to delivering improved services. They focus public authorities on achieving results. Many of our PSAs are shared with local authority and criminal justice system partners.

  • PSA 23 Make communities safer.
  • PSA 24 Deliver a more effective, transparent and responsive criminal justice system for victims and the public.
  • PSA 25 Reduce the harm caused by alcohol and drugs.
  • PSA 26 Reduce the risk to the UK and its interests overseas from international terrorism.

PSU - Police Standards Unit. The PSU was set up by the Home Secretary in July 2001 and forms a key part of the government’s police reform agenda. It is staffed by seconded police officers, other specialists and civil servants. The PSU measures and compares police performance, understands the underlying causes of performance variation, works with those forces in need of assistance and identifies and disseminates good practice.

PYO - Persistent Young Offender.

RIPA - Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (Surveillance).

Robbery Trigger Plan and False Allegation Scheme - A document outlining the process and procedures that all officers must follow when dealing with a robbery or false allegation.

RMI - Racially Motivated Incident.

RTC - Road Traffic Collision.

Sanction Detection - A sanction detection is any notifiable offence dealt with and resulting with a charge, summons, caution, taken into consideration, fixed penalty notice for disorder and formal warning for cannabis possession.

SARC - Sexual Assault Referral Centre opened in 2007.

SCU - Street Crime Unit.

SIO - Senior Investigating Officer.

SIR - Strategic Intelligence Requirement.

SOCA - Serious and Organised Crime Agency launched by the Home Office on 1 April 2006.

Special Constable - Special Constables are volunteers who work to support regular police officers. Specials are a vital link between regular police officers and the community. They have the same powers as regular officers and wear a similar uniform.

SPI - Statutory Performance Indicator used to inform performance assessment.

SPoC - Single Point of Contact.

Strategic Intention - The desired future state or aspirations of the Force. These can sometimes be regarded
as vision or mission statements.

Strategic Policing Objective - A general plan or activity that is in line with the Force and Police Authority's visions.

Strategic Plan - The Strategic Plan sets out the medium to long-term strategies showing how Cleveland Police Authority intends to develop Cleveland Police.

TCG - Tasking and Coordinating Group.

TIC - Taken Into Consideration. This is an offence that is taken into consideration when admitted in court.

TPAM - Team Performance Accountability Mechanism.

Trigger Plan - A document outlining the process and procedures all officers must follow when dealing with a specific issue i.e. robbery.

TSU - Technical Support Unit.

VEM - Visible Ethnic Minority.

Visible Patrol - Activity that is related to general patrol duties not relating to an incident. As soon as an officer is assigned an incident/comes across an incident, activity is recorded under the visible patrol heading (ABC model).

VODS - Vehicle Online Descriptive Search.


The force uses a variety of abbreviations and acronyms; some of these are shown in our Glossary.